EVERYTHING to do with Turkey!

Material Culture: the physical objects that people create and use

  • Buildings
  • Clothing
  • turkish-buildingsAutomobiles
  • Architectureturkish-clothing
  • Paintingsturkish-architecture
  • Sculpture

Non-Material Culture: abstract human creations

  • Beliefs
  • Languages
  • Rules
  • Political System

Cultural Universals: Element, pattern, trait, or institution that is common to all human cultures worldwide

  • All cultures have GOOD and BAD people, don’t make assumptions based on religion
  • Gestures
  • Belief in the supernatural
  • Currency (Turkish Lira)turkish-supernatural

Technology: is the collection of techniques, skills, methods and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as turkish-currencyscientific investigation.

  • Phone(s)
  • Computer(s)

Symbols: a thing that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract.

  • Animal: Grey Wolfturkish-tulip
  • Flower: Tulturkish-redwing
  • Bird: Redwing
  • Coat of Arms: The emblem of Turkey contains the crescent and star symbols of Islam in red, and is an adaptation of the national flag.

Group: defined as a number of people who identify and interact with each other

  • For example, when three people just casually hang out and talk with each other

Language: the method of human communication

  • Turkish
  • Minority Languages: Kurmanji, Zazaki, Arabic, Laz, Georgian

Values: shared beliefs of what is good, bad, or wrong

  • Circumcision for boy(s) at a young age
  • Feast of Sacrifice- a four day national holiday held during the lunar month

Norms: Shared rules of conduct that tell people how to act in certain situation

  • When invited somewhere, DON’T LEAVE EARLY. They take it as a sign that they failed in being your host.
  • Sharing is caring
  • Oldest first
  • Bring a gift
  • Don’t understand personal space
  • Don’t put your feet up while sitting, and don’t let them see the bottom of your feet
  • Chewing gum while talking to someone is VERY rude.

Laws: Written rules enforced by the government

  • Stealing olives before they are ripe can result in a jail sentence up to 2 years
  • It is illegal for a man over 80 to become a pilot
  • It is against the law to fall in love with a neighbor’s daughter, son, wife/husband, servant, or animal

Folkways: describes socially acceptable behavior

  • Shake hands with everyone, elders first
  • Do not stand with your hands on your hips while talking to someone
  • The “OK” sign in Turkey means that someone is a homosexual
  • If you invite someone to dine, you pay the entire bill

Primary Group: friends and family structure

  • Family always comes first, and in second- friends.

Secondary Group: large groups whose relationships are impersonal and goal-oriented

  • This type of group would be displayed in a work environment

Informal Group: not formed in any response to any organizational requirements

  • So around friends, you don’t always have to follow the rules

Formal Group: formal organization controlled by outer parties

  • For example, the government, and how they handle themselves within the court.